To save time and money, the most southern countries locate their logistics centers as close as possible to Antarctica, for example, Argentina in Ushuaia, Australia in Hobart, Chile in Punta Arenas, New Zealand in Christchurch or South Africa in Cape Town.
Through the use of aircraft, it is possible to travel from these access points to the few airports that exist in Antarctica. To reduce costs, other countries in the northern hemisphere and tourism in general also use the aforementioned access roads.
The majority of Antarctic tourism takes place in large ships, with numerous amenities, and comes from the most developed countries. The most visited sites are in the north of the Antarctic Peninsula, partly because of its landscapes and diversity of fauna and, also, because of its proximity to South America. Deception Island, for its exceptional historical and natural values, is one of the most frequented places. As for adventure tourism, it is common the presence of small airplanes and boats, which transport people for crossing with skis the mountains. The significant increase in tourism in recent years is generating the need to continue developing the rules that regulate it, in order to ensure the preservation of the environment and ensure the safety of visitors.
[Photo from Pixabay]